Invoke command line scripts in action code

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Actions may invoke command-line scripts. The action

$MyString=`perl -v 

runs the command

perl -v 

and copies its standard output to the user string attribute MyString.

The command is interpreted by /bin/sh.

The ` operator is not handled as a conventional unary operator, like negate (-). Tinderbox will do full variable interpolation, and the command may be assembled from other attributes and references:


So, the ` operator applies to everything up to the succeeding semicolon or the end of the command.

$MyString=`ls -l;$Color="red";$BorderColor="white"; 

The command may thus contain spaces. The command begins with the first non-white-space character following the `, and continues to the first semicolon. For example:

$MyString=`perl -v;$Color="red";$MyDir=`pwd 

Attribute interpolation is applied to the entire command line

$Delivered=`myQuery $TrackingID $UserName(parent) 

If you need to include the $ character in a command, escape it with backslash.

Interpolated attribute names are terminated when Tinderbox reaches the end of the command, a character that can't be part of an attribute name (e.g. white space), or a second $. Thus, if $AccountNumber holds the string "3716",

$Delivered=`myDatebaseQuery $AccountNumber$x31 

would create the command:

$MyDatabaseQuery 3716x31 

An alternate way to access command lines is to use the runCommand() operator. From v4.6 this also benefits from not requiring a left side to the expression.

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[Last updated: 14 Dec 2009, using v5.0]

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